- Dubai (Arabic: دبيّ;) is one of the seven emirates of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). It is located south of the Persian Gulf on the Arabian Peninsula . Dubai was formally established in the early 19th century by the Al Abu Falasa clan of Bani Yas, and it remained under clan control when the United Kingdom assumed the protection of Dubai in 1892. Its geographical location made it an important trading hub and by the beginning of the 20th century, it was an important port. In 1966, the year oil was discovered, Dubai and the emirate of Qatar set up a new monetary unit to replace the Gulf Rupee. The oil economy led to a massive influx of foreign workers, quickly expanding the city by 300% and bringing in international oil interests. After the British left Dubai, it, together with Abu Dhabi and four other emirates, formed the United Arab Emirates.
- Today, Dubai has emerged as a global city and a business hub. Although Dubai's economy was built on the oil industry, currently the emirate's model of business, similar to that of Western countries, drives its economy, with the effect that its main revenues are now from tourism, real estate, and financial services. Dubai has recently attracted world attention through many innovative large construction projects and sports events.
The dirham (Arabic: مدره) is the currency of the United Arab Emirates. The currency abbreviation for the United Arab Emirates dirham is AED. Unofficial abbreviations include DH or Dhs. The dirham is subdivided into 100 fils (فلس). The AED is pegged with U.S. dollar at 3.6725 dirhams to one dollar. Coins 1, 5, 10, 25, 50 fils, 1 dirham. Banknotes 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000 dirhams.
Dubai has a very hot arid climate. Summers in Dubai are extremely hot, windy and dry, with an average high around 40°C (104 °F) and overnight lows around 30°C (86 °F). Most days are sunny throughout the year. Winters are warm with an average high of 23°C (73 °F) and overnight lows of 14°C (57 °F). Precipitation, however, has been increasing in the last few decades with accumulated rain reaching 150mm per year.
Tourism is an important part of the Dubai government's strategy to maintain the flow of foreign cash into the emirate. Dubai's lure for tourists is based mainly on shopping, but also on its possession of other ancient and modern attractions. Dubai is the most populous emirate of the seven emirates of United Arab Emirates. It is distinct from other members of the UAE in that a large part of the emirate's revenues are from tourism.
Dubai has been called the "shopping capital of the Middle East". Dubai alone has more than 70 shopping malls, including the world's 7th largest shopping mall, Dubai Mall. The city draws large numbers of shopping tourists from countries within the region and from as far as Eastern Europe, Africa and the Indian Subcontinent. While boutiques, some electronics shops, department stores and supermarkets operate on a fixed-price basis, most other outlets consider friendly negotiation a way of life.
Dubai is also known for its souk districts located on either side of the creek. Traditionally, dhows from the Far East, China, Sri Lanka, and India would discharge their cargo and the goods would be bargained over in the souks adjacent to the docks. Many boutiques and jewellery stores are also found in the city. Dubai is known as "the City of Gold" and Gold Souk in Deira houses nearly 250 gold retail shops.
Transport in Dubai is controlled by the Roads and Transport authority. The public transport network faces huge congestion and reliability issue.
Dubai International Airport, the hub for the Emirates Airline, serves the city of Dubai and other emirates in the country. The airport was the 15th busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic handling 40.9 million passengers in 2009. The airport was also the 6th busiest airport in the world by international passenger traffic.
The Dubai Metro is a driverless, fully automated metro network in the United Arab Emirates city of Dubai. The Red Line is almost fully operational, the Green Line is under construction with trials commenced in October 2010, and 3 further lines are planned. These first two lines run underground in the city centre and on elevated viaducts elsewhere. All trains and stations are air conditioned with platform edge doors to make this possible. For metro fares go here.
Dubai Taxi Corporation forms part of Roads & Transport Authority. Taxis are safe, reliable and are easily available to be caught anywhere in the city. For Taxi fares go here.